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Speech Pathology

One in three stroke survivors experience difficulties with communication. Speech therapy can provide many benefits to people recovering from a stroke.

Stock stroke

Speech, swallowing and stroke

After a stroke, it is quite common to experience more than one type of communication difficulty, which affect everyone differently. Some communication difficulties include:

Aphasia: Difficulty talking, reading, writing or understanding other people when they speak. It can happen even if your thinking, memory and judgement are unaffected by your stroke. This is also called dysphasia.

Apraxia: Difficulty coordinating the muscles for speech. Your brain has trouble planning the movements, making it difficult to say words. This is also called dyspraxia.

Dysarthria: Weakness or paralysis in the muscles used for speaking. Your speech may become slurred and difficult for others to understand.

Dysphonia: Weakness or paralysis in the muscles in and around the vocal chords. Your voice might sound like a whisper, or it might sound hoarse or rough. If you cannot make any sound at all, it is called aphonia.

Cognitive difficulties: Your memory, thinking and judgement is affected. It may be difficult to pay attention when people talk to you. It may be hard to understand or speak complex sentences. Your conversation may seem inappropriate to other people.