What is stroke?
Stroke, also known as a cerebral vascular accident, is an impeded blood supply to some parts of the brain.
There are two major types of stroke: Ischemic stroke & Hemorrhagic stroke.
Ischemic stroke is accountable for 80% of all strokes. During an ischemic stroke the supply of blood and oxygen to the brain is blocked. This usually happens because of blood clots in an artery to the brain or a narrowing of the arteries (carotid stenosis) blocking or impeding the blood flow.
In a hemorrhagic stroke, an artery in the brain bursts. There are two main types of hemorrhagic stroke.
An intracerebral hemorrhage happens when a blood vessel in the brain leaks blood into the brain. A subarachnoid hemorrhage happens when there is bleeding under the outer membranes of the brain and into the thin fluid–filled space that surrounds the brain.
This type of hemorrhage can cause extensive damage to the brain and is the most lethal of all strokes.
For further information, please visit www.world-heart-federation.org/resources/stroke
How do I know if someone is having a stroke?
If you think someone is having a stroke, perform this simple test.
For further information, please visit www.strokefoundation.org.au
Rehabilitation and Recovery
Many people with Stroke are admitted to a hospital with an acute Stroke unit or rehab unit, where they receive expert treatment and rehab involving the collaboration of doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists and social workers.
The amount of recovery following a Stroke depends on the severity of the initial damage. Recovery to the brain is most rapid in the first three to six months after the Stroke.
The recovery period, however, never ends as the possibility of further improvement is always there. The aim is to never stop striving and hoping for continued progress!
Rehabilitation is ultimately the responsibility of the person with Stroke, and the carer, not just the therapists, and in fact the therapists see their job as not supporting the person with Stroke for ever, but giving him/her and family the confidence and guidance to enable them to take over personal responsibility for further recovery.
Have you or a loved one, friend or colleague experienced a stroke? Do you wish you could find people who understand? People who you can share stories with? People who may be able to answer your questions?
Would you like to take time out in a caring, understanding environment?
Support groups can do all this, plus provide engaging guest speakers and activities. Please contact one of the group coordinators listed below for more information.
Northern Support Group
Meetings are held monthly at
Pooraka Farm Community Centre.
Contact Samantha Bowley
on 08 8284 0388.
Northern Fleurieu Support Group
Meetings are held monthly.
Contact Wil Swart on
08 8326 2668 or 0401 410 047
Flinders Support Group
Meetings are held monthly.
Contact Viv Wilson on
0414 604 234 for further information.
Riverland Stroke Support Group
Meetings are held monthly.
Contact Wendy Colls
on 8588 0535.
Stroke SA was established to provide support, information and assistance to people who have experienced Stroke and their carers.
Metropolitan and regional support groups offer people with Stroke and their carers the opportunity for social contact with others who have had a similar experience and who can provide peer support.
Our support groups also aim to promote appropriate services for the treatment and rehabilitation of those with stroke and to increase public awareness of stroke. Many people find that these groups give them back what they thought they would never enjoy again, increased self esteem, fellowship, sense of purpose, pleasure in life and fun.
For further information and resources call Stroke SA: (08) 8352 4644 or email
Stroke SA have been notified of the following research / programs.
Would you use a Restorative Brain-Computer Interface if it can improve your hand functions after stroke?
It is believed that the impaired movement functions after stroke are caused by the damage in specific parts of the brain, which in turn lead to disconnection in neural pathways that are in charge of the movement.
We investigated a technique named motor imagery based brain-computer interfacing (MI-BCI) that allows rewiring the impaired neural pathways caused by stroke.
To further develop this technology we need to know the features of the interface that are most important to users of the technology and the considerations of cost relative to benefit in using the technology.
If you would like to take part in the survey, click here.
How do botox injections into the tight (spastic) muscles, following a stroke, improve walking
We are looking at how Botox injection into the tight (spastic) muscles following stroke can improve walking. This study involves participating in a 6 months trial with injection of Botox or placebo and assessment by the multidisciplinary rehabilitation team including Rehabilitation Medicine Specialist, Physiotherapist and Exercise Physiologist. Participants (20 years and above) will have one session of injection (either Botox or Placebo) after initial assessment and three subsequent follow up visits. All participants will have physiotherapy and walking training.
Associate Professor Anupam Datta Gupta, Senior Consultant in Rehabilitation Medicine, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital is conducting the study with other researchers. If you are interested in participating or have more questions, please contact 08 8222 7322 or email
Survey – Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation (NBIS) is a treatment where electric or magnetic current is applied to the surface of the head to stimulate the brain. This therapy has potential to assist people who have experienced stroke. While brain stimulation is not currently used in a clinical setting, it is the subject of much research and experimental work.
The purpose of this study is to gain perspective of brain stimulation therapy from people who have experienced stroke.
This is an online survey which can be accessed directly via this link;
Alternatively, interested participants can contact the chief investigator for further information or a hard copy survey
08 8302 1286
Study – Targeting Brain Stimulation Therapy In Stroke
The University of South Australia is conducting a study investigating home based brain stimulation therapy to improve arm function in people who have experienced stroke. If you are interested in participating, or would like to know further information, please contact Dr Brenton Hordacre, Research Coordinator on mobile: 0422 056 018, office: 8302 1286, or email:
Please note the following disclaimer applies to all research projects and programs listed on this website:
Stroke SA is not responsible for, and does not endorse, any research project, opportunity, or other type of project or program listed. Participants are responsible for satisfying themselves that appropriate approval procedures have been met and are advised to read all related information before taking part. If you have any concerns regarding any of the projects or programs listed here, these should be directed to the researcher or other contacts stated.